Composite toilet is a type of dry toilet using that natural processes of managed aerobic decompostion and composting to treat and recycle human excreta. The ninety percent of water comprising the human waste enters the toilets, and using a vent system water is evaporated and is carried back to the atmosphere. The small percentage for the solid material is converted to fertilizer by natural decomposition. It is the same natural process for your garden composter, and composite toilets use manipulation of the environment in the composting chamber. To ensure a rich environment for aerobic bacteria, it is important to have a balance between oxygen, heat, moisture and organic material to transform waste into fertilizing soil.
Through bacterial breakdown in the aerobic mechanism involved, the end product of this process which is a nutrient-rich fertilizer doesn’t contain any pathogens that are destroyed, used around the base of trees or plants, thus reduces need for commercial fertilizers and preserves local water quality. Composting toilets perform three separate processes including quickly composting waste and toilet paper to remove odor, ensuring the finished compost is easy to handle and safe, and evaporation of liquid. Composite toilets use little or no water and are often used as alternatives for flush toilets in situations where there’s no suitable water supply or sewer system. Gradual cold composting connected to a secondary external composting step is used by composting toilets in facilitating aerobic processing, odor mitigation and liquid absorption. There are two elements of a composting toilet which are a place for sitting and a composting or collection unit with composting or storage chamber, ventilation unit, collection system and access door.
The design considerations of composite toilets include leachate management, aeration and mixing, environmental factors, additives and bulking material. The four main environmental factors affecting the decomposition process include sufficient oxygen, forty to seventy percent moisture content, forty to fifty percent degrees Celsius temperature and carbon-to-nitrogen ratio of twenty-five is to one. It is important to add bulking materials or additives to cover feces and reduce insect access which include wood chips, saw dust, bark chips, pieces of paper or ash. It is crucial to have a leachate management system to hasten the aerobic decomposition using a urine-diverting system or urine separator, and a drainage system at the bottom of the composter. For aeration and mixing, commercial composite toilets have ventilation used for moving air from the bathroom through the waste container, out to a vertical pipe and vent above the roof in order to pass odors and carbon dioxide. For more information about composting toilets feel free to visit our homepage or website.Why not learn more about Products?Read more