The motherboard of your computer is considered the most essential part because it connects all the major components that allow them to communicate to get your computer running. It is important to understand the types of motherboard and the kinds of hardware it houses so you will know what to choose when buying a computer motherboard. Below is a quick guide that will help you in your choice of a suitable motherboard for your computer:
Form factors or the size:
– The ATX or Advanced Technology Extended – the standard size/form which can accommodate more ports and allows expandability.- BTX or Balanced Technology Extended – this is larger than the standard size supposedly to address overheating and to lower power consumption rate but it failed to outpace or dislodge the ATX.- MicroATX and MiniTX – smaller in size ideal for compact and low power boards, however, the expansion slots and ports are limited.
Take note that when buying a computer motherboard, always check your computer casing if it can support the form of your choice.
Classification according to the type of microprocessor:
Socket A, Socket 939 & Socket AM3 – These types are intended for the AMD processors with Socket AM3 as the latest to come out in the AMD market.
Socket 370, Socket 378, Socket T and Socket H – are compatible with the Intel Celeron, Pentium, Core 2 and Core-I series of processors.
Both the Intel and AMD are the microprocessors of choice nowadays. However, buying a computer motherboard will depend on the classification of the processor that you select.
Other factors to consider:
Front side bus (FSB) – refers to the pathway where the connection or flow of information to and from the processor and the rest of the hardware passes. The speed of the flow is measured in megahertz or MHz and gigahertz or GHz. Depending on your needs, the highest rate is currently at 3.6 GHz.
Random access memory (RAM )- the data and information stored in a ram is only temporary while your computer is switched on, and it is totally deleted once you switch off the system. The size of your ram which is now measured in gigabytes affects the speed of your computer. The higher the ram the more data and information it can support to speed up the processing of your computer. And because you motherboard houses the ram, it is very important to choose one that matches the size and the capacity of your ram when buying a computer motherboard. Like an ATX provides at least four slots for ram that can go as high as 32GB.
Whatever is your budget and the features that you may need for your computer, a basic knowledge of the hardware that you intend to purchase will always come in handy. Like in this case, buying a computer motherboard is no longer an overwhelming task once you have a better appreciation of its technical aspects.